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DEPOLYMERIZATION OF PLASTIC WASTE TO RENEWABLES

Integrated Facility for Chemical Recycling

Problem:

Non-mechanically recyclable plastics such as foils, multilayers,  packaging waste, etc… are currently not recycled and have become a worldwide problem, resulting in pollution of the environment.  Just look at the plastic waste that threatens our rivers and ocean and has a huge negative impact on fauna and flora.

Vision:

We strive to reduce contamination, landfill and incineration of plastic waste because it is a valuable feedstock.

Mission:

To implement our depolymerization technology worldwide and make renewable products such as monomers for virgin plastics and petrochemicals out of what is now considered a problematic waste stream

Development:

The process is completely emission-free (no CO2 emissions) because all the vapours are collected and condensed.The exhaust stream is cooled and washed before being released, keeping it well below the required limits. The oil produced by this process is a bio-rare oil, similar to diesel. This oil can be blended with fossil fuel, resulting in no loss of performance and 30% less nitrogen dioxide in exhaust emissions.

All types of non mechanically recyclable plastics were tested.

CHINA DECLARES WAR ON PLASTIC

DE TELEGRAAF 2020, JAN. 19

China, the world’s largest producer of plastic, but so far poor in recycling plastic has declared war on  plastic.

The Governmental committee for development and reform (NDRC) presented an “ambitious plan” to drastically reduce the gigantic mountain of plastic waste within five years.

Among other things, the use of plastic bags by supermarkets and other stores in the metropolitans is  already banned this year.The plastic straw will also be quickly avoided.

In 2022, this rules will also take effect in the smaller cities. Package services in Peking, Shanghai and the other fast-growing economic regions can only use cardboard boxes at the end of that year.

In addition to packaging material and foil, single-use plastic items are also banned.

For example, hotels are no longer allowed to prepare thoothbrushes and combs for their guests, dining places must refrain from disposal cutlery and plastic plates. Manufacturers are instructed to make sustainable alternatives from biodegradable materials.

The project must be completed by 2025 and the environmental pollution by plastic must be kept to a minimum.

Chinese researchers calculated that each year 306.000 kilos of microplastics end up in the sea via China. China is seen as the major shareholder of the “plastic soup”.

Market Needs

Mechanical recycling of plastic waste has reached its limits and only seems effective for clean mono stream feedstock. Over 80% of the total European disposal still ends in landfill or furnaces. Depolymerization (Chemical Recycling) is the adequate solution for difficult and contaminated rest plastics.

Not just the cherry on the pie, but the pie itself…

Market Map

Technical solutions for Chemical Recycling in Europe are limited and often still in pilot stage. Laws and regulations are not adapted to the circular economy. On the other hand, availability of plastic waste is overrepresented since Asia put a ban on the import of European plastic waste.

Plastic waste => increasing problem!

European countries must now deal with their own plastic waste and should act quick because waste is pilling up and furnaces do not have capacity for high calorific feedstock such as plastics

Solution

LAUPAT INDUSTRIES BV offers a scalable solution for the owners of plastic waste. We have designed several feasible business cases for dealing with plastics from industrial, commercial and houshold waste. From foils, multilayer plastics and rejects to carpets, fluff and fishing nets.

All Polymers can be depolymerized!

Mass Energy Balance (MEB)

EUROPEAN DIRECTIVE 2018/2001:

Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the counsil of  11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources:

Article 2 Definitions:

(6) ‘renewable energy obligation’ means a support scheme requiring energy  producers to include a given share of energy from renewable sources in their production, requiring energy suppliers to include a given share of energy from renewable sources in their supply, or requiring energy consumers to include a  given share of energy from renewable sources in their consumption, …

European fuel suppliers will be obliged to add an ever-increasing share of  renewable fuels, including renewable fuels of non-biological origin, wastebased fuels and sustainably generated oil (eg plastic & tires). The compulsory share increases from 1,5% in 2021 (in terms of energy) to  6,8% in 2030.

PROCESS:

Pyrolysis is a thermal cracking process in which biomass, plastic, tires or waste is  decomposed by heating it to high temperature, without the presence of oxygen.

The depolymerization of plastics takes place at temperatures up to 350 – 450 °C.

Pyrolysis reduces CO2 emissions and gives materials that were previously regarded as waste a second life.

The destructive distillation process begins with loading of whole or shredded plastic into a  process chamber (reactor) which is bled and sealed. Then heat is added, which drives the chemical reaction, breaking down the plastics into various compounds; one of them is  separated and condensed into “manufatured” oil. At the end of the process, the carbon is extracted, cooled and separated.

The produced and non-condensable gases are used in the installation itself to generate heat for the depolymerization process.

ZERO CO2 EMISSIONS!

This technology is therefore high on the “LANSINK” ladder (principle of the waste hierarchy)

VALUE MIX

  • Energy Neutral Plant operation

  • Life Cycle Assessment shows: 70 to 90% CO2 reduction compared to fossil oil

  • Proces = continuous and applicable for all forms of  non mechanically recyclable plastics and may contain (an)organic impurities

  • The Diesel can be used as a renewable fuel for trucks, ships and airplanes or can be mixed with fossil fuels, which allows the fuel producers to comply with the European Directive 2018/2001

  • The Naftha fraction of the oil can be used as feedstock for the fabrication of virgin plastics

  • Limited International competition

Port of Antwerp

The Port of Antwerp aims in the first place “WASTE PREVENTION”, by means of, among other things, reception facilities for the collection of ship’s waste; through the reuse of by-products and waste as alternative raw materials, the Port of Antwerp wants to be part of a “CIRCULAR INDUSTRY”.

As a result, the Port of Antwerp is participating in “LESS CLIMATE WARMING”!

The Port of Antwerp is the 1st European port going for “ZERO PELLETS LOSS” and will collaborate with “JAN DE NUL GROUP” on the project “NUL-O-PLASTIC”.

Delivery and removal of larger quantities by water via the Port of Antwerp.

In and around the Port of Antwerp there are sufficient Chemical and Petrochemical clusters that can produce new products with our end products as raw materials.

The Port of Antwerp is the most important hub of Western European pipelines and this can be a safe,  reliable and environmentally friendly means of transport for us for the distribution of out take-off  products in Belgium and surrounding countries.

Thanks to our location, we create 50 FTE employment for the Port of Antwerp.

The considerable area of the “NextGen District” allows for a short-term expansion; starting 5 Ha.

The Port of Antwerp Authorities also offer a comprehensive service.

No direct investment in land => Consession.

RESUME:

  • Market (recycling of plastics, etc…) with enormous potential.
  • Tightening environmental regulations across the globe.
  • 100% sustainable technology – no CO2 emissions from the processes – no residual waste  products and external requirements.
  • 100% autonomous systems – flexible modular construction.
  • Closed loop recycling system for large variety of different waste producing valuable raw  materials such as oil and recovered carbon black.
  • Low oil production price.
  • System is 100% scalable and can be tailored to customers specific requirements.
  • Circular economy!
  • In partnerschip with “feed-stock supplier(s)”, “take-off partner(s)” and “logistic partner(s)”.

FOR THE FUTURE OF OUR CHILDREN, WE WANT TO REWRITE THE FUTURE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY!