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DEPOLYMERIZATION OF END of LIFE TIRES (ELT’S) TO RENEWABLES
Integrated Facility for Chemical Recycling
With more than 1 billion tires produced per year, it is an industry with a big waste challenge. There is a tire landfill in Kuwait so big that it can be seen from space. Millions of old car, bus, tractor and truck tires are dumped here after reaching the end of their life (End-to-Life-Tires). Millions of tires languish in “graveyards” around the world, creating a fire hazard and a long-term global environmental hazard and causing a long-term global environmental problem.
An economically viable solution exists to recycle rubber tires effectively, by converting them into high-quality oil, carbon and steel. We strive to reduce pollution caused by the landfilling and incineration of “ELT” rubber tires, as this is a valuable raw material. Our technology recycles 100% of each tire and offers enormous potential.
Implementing our depolymerisation technology globally to make sustainable products as monomers for the production of new plastics and petrochemicals, from what is now called a problematic waste stream.
The process is completely emission-free (no CO2 emissions) because all the vapours are collected and condensed. The exhaust stream is cooled and washed before being released, keeping it well below the required limits. The oil produced by this process is a bio-rare oil, similar to diesel. This oil can be blended with fossil fuel, resulting in no loss of performance and 30% less nitrogen dioxide in exhaust emissions.
All types of tyres were tested, including aircraft and tractor tires.
WE WANT TO WRITE THE FUTURE OF TIRE REMOVAL!
Rubber tires are almost not recycled. More than 80% of this mountain of waste still ends up in landfilles or waste incinerators. Depolymerization (chemical recycling) is therefore the suitable solution.
This is not the cherry on the cake, but the cake itself….
Laws and regulations are not yet fully adapted to the circular economy. On the other hand, the availability of ELT rubber tires is over-represented because many countries have banned the import/export of these ELT’s.
ELT rubber tires => increasing problem!
European countries now have to deal with their own ELT’s themselves; and must act quickly because the mountain of waste is growing fast.
LAUPAT INDUSTRIES BV offers a scalable solution for Governments and owners of ELT rubber tIres. A typical 10 kg car tire provides 4 liters of oil, 4 kg carbon and 2 kg of steel. A 70 kg truck tire provides 27 liter oil, 28 kg of carbon, 15 kg of steel and an oversized 4-ton dump truck tire produces 1.6 tonnes of carbon, 0,8 tonnes of steel and 1,500 liters of oil.
RECYCLING of ELT’s:
Rising automobile sales and the associated production of new tires inevitably lead to an ever increasing worldwide volume of tires.
The tire market has been growing for many years due to the worldwide growth of passenger car sales. Passenger car sales are driven by innovative technologies, strong growth in Asian regions (e.g. China & India) and the worldwide expansion of road and infrastructure networks.
Rising car sales and the associated production of new tires inevitably lead to an ever increasing volume of used tires worlwide.
In addition, there are large landfills of used tires which are difficult to quantify, with the largest landfill with approx. 7 million tires being in Kuwait.
Today, a large part of the used tire stock is incinerated in cement kilns, thermal power stations, pulp and peper mills, steel mills and industrial boilers, leading to high carbon emissions and air poluttion.
The worldwide volume of End-of-Life-Tires (ELT) amounts to 25.6mt – thereof approx. 50% are incinerated or landfilled.
ELT,s: Tightening Regulatory Environment: While the amount of new ELT’s in Europe is increasing, the use of recovered materials is limited and regulatory pressure is rising.
Continued trend towards Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which leaves the responsibility to recycle the products with producers and makes it a corporate concern.
The Directive 2008/98/EC, also called teh EU Waste Directive, qualifies the derived products of End-to Life-Tires (ELT’s) as waste, thus hindering the usage of recovered materials.
Ban on landfill: By application of the Counsil Directive 1993/31/EC the landfill of ELT’s and shredded tires is prohibited. In 2015, Belgium started the prohibition of burning rubber products. Since 2016, Finland, Norway and Sweden have prohibited the use of shredded tire granulate outdoor
EUROPEAN DIRECTIVE 2018/2001:
Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the counsil of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources:
Article 2 Definitions:
(6) ‘renewable energy obligation’ means a support scheme requiring energy producers to include a given share of energy from renewable sources in their production, requiring energy suppliers to include a given share of energy from renewable sources in their supply, or requiring energy consumers to include a given share of energy from renewable sources in their consumption, …
European fuel suppliers will be obliged to add an ever-increasing share of renewable fuels, including renewable fuels of non-biological origin, wastebased fuels and sustainably generated oil (eg plastic & tires). The compulsory share increases from 1,5% in 2021 (in terms of energy) to 6,8% in 2030.
Pyrolysis is a thermal cracking process in which biomass, plastic, tires or waste is decomposed by heating it to high temperature, without the presence of oxygen.
Depolymerisation of rubber tires takes place at a temperature of approx. 650°C
Pyrolysis reduces CO2 emissions and gives materials that were previously regarded as waste a second life.
The destructive distillation process starts by breaking up whole tires into small particles, whereby the steel is removed. These particles are then introduced into a process chamber, which is vented and sealed. Next, under the influence of gravity, these particles pass through a reactor and heat is added, which drives the chemical reaction, breaking the tire particles into several compounds, one of which is separated and condensed into ‘manufactured’ oil. At the end of the process, carbon is extracted, cooled and separated.
The released gases are collected, condensed and used as energy to drive the process.
ZERO CO2 EMISSIONS!
This technology is therefore high on the “LANSINK” ladder (principle of the waste hierarchy)
CFRP MARKET: Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer
The rapidly growing CFRP volume will make modern recycling solutions necessary in the near future.
The global carbon fiber reinforced plastic market is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 12% up to 2022.
Many carbon fiber manufacturers continue to expand their investment activities – reflecting confidence in further market growth.
80% of carbon composites fall on the CFRP sector – this combination of materials is considered to be a major growth driver within the industry for the coming years, due to its outstanding lightweight construction potential.
The customer industries for CFRP products are the aerospace, automotive, wind energy, sport & leisure and construction industries.
The volume of CFRP waste cannot yet be conclusivey quantified – however, it is already clear that materials that are no longer needed must be recycled in an environmental friendly manner.
Currently, there is no economic process for the recycling of CFRP’s.
Energy Neutral Plant operation
Life Cycle Assessment shows: 70 to 90% CO2 reduction compared to fossil oil
Proces = continuous and applicable for all forms of ELT’S
The Diesel can be used as a renewable fuel for trucks, ships and airplanes or can be mixed with fossil fuels, which allows the fuel producers to comply with the European Directive 2018/2001
The Naftha fraction of the oil can be used as feedstock for the fabrication of virgin plastics
Limited International competition
Port of Antwerp
The Port of Antwerp aims in the first place “WASTE PREVENTION”, by means of, among other things, reception facilities for the collection of ship’s waste; through the reuse of by-products and waste as alternative raw materials, the Port of Antwerp wants to be part of a “CIRCULAR INDUSTRY”.
As a result, the Port of Antwerp is participating in “LESS CLIMATE WARMING”!
The Port of Antwerp is the 1st European port going for “ZERO PELLETS LOSS” and will collaborate with “JAN DE NUL GROUP” on the project “NUL-O-PLASTIC”.
Delivery and removal of larger quantities by water via the Port of Antwerp.
In and around the Port of Antwerp there are, on the one hand, Chemical and Petrochemical clusters with which we start a partnership of our take-off and, on the other hand, providers for the delivery of our feed-stock
The Port of Antwerp is the most important hub of Western European pipelines and this can be a safe, reliable and environmentally friendly means of transport for us for the distribution of out take-off products in Belgium and surrounding countries.
Thanks to our location, we create 20-50 FTE employment for the Port of Antwerp.
The considerable area of the “NextGen District” allows for a short-term expansion; starting 5 Ha.
The Port of Antwerp Authorities also offer a comprehensive service.
No direct investment in land => Consession.